Part 2 of DNS Certification for Pilates Instructors



Course 2 moves into a detailed analysis of differentiated movement patterns, i.e., when the extremities have different actions/functions.

Firstly, we address how muscle function and muscle pull changes according to the movement function of the extremity, i.e., either support or reaching/stepping. Both stepping and supporting functions are present in all phasic movement. However, they appear in different upper/lower limb combinations, according to whether the movement pattern is ipsilateral or contralateral.

If the movement pattern is ipsilateral (e.g., Turning, side lying, side sitting) – the stepping and support functions happen on the same side. If the movement pattern is contralateral (e.g., crawling, walking) – the stepping and support functions happen on opposite sides.

The exercises and developmental positions we cover include:

Ipsilateral patterns: oblique oriented patterns such as side planks/sit-ups, rotations/twists e.g., sidekick series, mermaid series, kneeling side-kicks, star, twist, going up side.

Contralateral patterns: gait patterns such as lunges, step-ups, splits, e.g., mountain climb, going up front, scooter, front splits, Russian splits, swimming.

Through the teaching and performing of these exercises and flow sequences, we continue to explore the importance of adequate support before movement. Participants also learn how to influence support through the use of closed/open chains and semi closed/open chains.


  • Review of DNS principles and developmental kinesiology in the context of adult optimal posture and Pilates technique and instruction.

  • Define and analyse global movement patterns in DNS and Pilates systems and the relationship to enhancing outcomes in Pilates and daily movement. 3 global movement patterns: undifferentiated homologous patterns, and differentiated patterns i.e., ipsilateral or contralateral patterns.

  • Understand the importance of training body awareness in developmental positions and transitions, to improve clients' motor skills in all three global movement patterns.

  • Learn and practice higher developmental exercises with differentiated movement patterns – i.e., side lying, oblique sit, tripod, half kneeling, differentiated bear, differentiated squat, lunge, step up and appropriate modifications.

  • Demonstrate application of DNS concepts in differentiated movement patterns in all movement planes in Pilates

  • Integrate corrective exercise principles based on developmental positions into corresponding Pilates exercises

  • Understand support and muscle co-activation in contralateral and ipsilateral movement patterns on the mat and apparatus, and how both support and muscle activation change in dynamic movement transitions

  • Clearly define dynamic stabilisation and joint centration goals within differentiated movement patterns

  • Practice and instruct joint centration throughout entire kinetic chain and entire range of motion

  • Understand an apply the unique use of semi-open/ semi-closed chains afforded by Pilates apparatus, in modifying/advancing movement.

  • Review Pilates program design from a DNS perspective, recognising the importance of incorporating sagittal stabilisation and adequate proportions of global movement patterns in all movement planes to bring balance to client’s posture and movement.